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译介丨葡萄牙城市民谣法朵+阿尔赫梅西的健康圣母节庆典

baide360 2018-11-23 14:13

萄牙城市民谣法朵

Fado, urban popular song of Portugal

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项目基本信息

入选年份:2011

申报国家:葡萄牙共和国

名录名册类型人类非物质文化遗产代表作名录


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Fado is a performance genre incorporating music and poetry widely practised by various communities in Lisbon. It represents a Portuguese multicultural synthesis of Afro-Brazilian sung dances, local traditional genres of song and dance, musical traditions from rural areas of the country brought by successive waves of internal immigration, and the cosmopolitan urban song patterns of the early nineteenth century. Fado songs are usually performed by a solo singer, male or female, traditionally accompanied by a wire-strung acoustic guitar and the Portuguese guitarra – a pear-shaped cittern with twelve wire strings, unique to Portugal, which also has an extensive solo repertoire. The past few decades have witnessed this instrumental accompaniment expanded to two Portuguese guitars, a guitar and a bass guitar. Fado is performed professionally on the concert circuit and in small ‘Fado houses’, and by amateurs in numerous grass-root associations located throughout older neighbourhoods of Lisbon. Informal tuition by older, respected exponents takes place in traditional performance spaces and often over successive generations within the same families. The dissemination of Fado through emigration and the world music circuit has reinforced its image as a symbol of Portuguese identity, leading to a process of cross-cultural exchange involving other musical traditions.


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法朵是一种融音乐和诗歌为一体的表演类型,在里斯本不同社区广泛流行。它是葡萄牙多元文化融合的综合体,包括非裔巴西人歌舞、地方传统歌舞、连续国内移民潮带来的乡村地区音乐传统,以及十九世纪早期国际化城市的歌曲模式。法朵歌曲通常由男女独唱歌手表演,传统上由钢弦原声吉他和葡萄牙吉他(一种独特的葡萄牙梨形十二弦西特琴,具有丰富的独奏曲目)伴奏。近几十年,这种乐器伴奏扩展为两把葡萄牙吉他,包括一把吉他和一把低音吉他。专业的法朵表演包括巡回音乐会形式、小型“法朵屋”形式;遍布里斯本老城区的许多基层协会的业余表演者也表演法朵。年长、受尊重的法朵能手在传统的表演空间里进行非正式的传授,讲授常常是在同一家族的连续几代人之间进行。通过移民和世界巡演传播法朵,强化了它作为葡萄牙文化认同象征的形象,从而促进了融合其他音乐传统的跨文化交流。



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    原作者: baide360
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